Technology and Products

TYPHONIX POLYMER FLOODING VALVES

Cost reducing - Full flow regulation - Compact - Tailor made for your assets

There is a large potential for cost reductions by optimizing the polymer injection system, without compromising footprint or flexibility.
Compared to pumps and other standard flow control devices, a low shear valve design can significantly reduce costs related to polymer consumption and other OPEX expenses.

POLYMER FLOODING

Polymer flooding is a widely used EOR technique, used to extract immobile oil from a reservoir. One major challenge with polymers is that most EOR polymers are sensitive to shear degradation. If the polymer is degraded during injection, some of the EOR potential is lost. The most commonly used methods to compensate for viscosity loss during injection will increase OPEX. Therefore, a more cost effective approach is to use injection system components that result in low mechanical degradation.
Polymer%20valve%20Typhonix

TYPHONIX POLYMER FLOODING VALVE

Together with Total, Vår Energi, Equinor and OMV, Typhonix has developed a low shear valve for injection of polymer. Typhonix Polymer Flooding Valve is a compact and flexible valve, which maintains the viscosity of the polymer solution during injection.
Compact design compared to coil based solutions:
  • Lower impact on total footprint
  • Easier transportation
  • Easier to install on existing fields
  • Flexible orientation (standing/laying)
  • Easier frost-protection
Full controllability:
  • Low shear performance is not affected by valve opening
  • Enables flexible injection schemes
  • Robust design (one central moving stem, same as in conventional plug-cage valves)
  • Automatic actuation
Fully customizable:
  • Capacity and low shear performance are design features, optimized for each application
  • Performance guaranty and factory test provided
  • Applicable on all polymer concentrations and viscosities
System and process benefits:
  • Enable injection systems with minimum rotational equipment
  • Low maintenance requirements
  • Less energy consumption
  • Pulse-damping effect
  • No noise
The valve consists of flow channels with optimized geometry, gently throttling the polymer flow. The flow channels are arranged to allow for a compact design. The flow regulation principle of the low shear valve is the same as that of conventional plug-cage valves, allowing for full controllability without affecting the low shear performance. The geometry of the channels is a design factor, meaning that the valve can be designed according to each specific application. The valve can be used in both diluted and high concentration polymer applications.

DILUTED SOLUTION APPLICATION

rect1282
In the diluted polymer injection scheme, conventional valves often generate high shear during injection. The high shear rate results in reduced sweep efficiency in the reservoir, unless compensated by either 1) using a more expensive and shear stable polymer to reduce degradation, or 2) increasing the polymer concentration to compensate for the viscosity loss.

Typhonix Polymer Flooding Valve can be used to replace the standard valves, to reduce the shear. Results from the prototype test in a diluted application, shows that the standard valve resulted in 35% to 60% viscosity degradation. Typhonix Polymer Flooding Valve resulted in 1% to 10% viscosity degradation under the same conditions.

For some applications, using Typhonix Polymer Flooding Valve instead of a standard valve can reduce OPEX with $500*) per well, every day. This is because a 25% more expensive polymer is needed to compensate for the high shear of the standard valve.
 
plot

MOTHER-SOLUTION APPLICATION

image1283
In the mother-solution injection scheme, one polymer injection pump is installed on each well to enable tailored viscosities. The injection system avoids viscosity loss by injecting a high concentration polymer solution downstream of the choke valve. However, one drawback of this setup is that maintenance and energy demands are usually higher than for a valve-based scheme.
Generally, when using Typhonix Polymer Flooding Valve in the mother-solution application, the one-pump-per-well injection scheme is replaced with a larger central pumping station plus one low shear valve per well to control the polymer injection rate. In this case, the low shear valve has the same low shear performance as the positive displacement pumps. However, compared to the one-pump-per-well scheme, the central pumping station and low share valves will result in significantly lower maintenance costs and an overall lower energy consumption.

Discover the potential on your asset

The commercial version of Typhonix Polymer Flooding Valve is scheduled to be ready within 2021. Do not hesitate to contact Project Manager Mari Stokka to discuss the potential of this technology on your asset.
*) Assuming one-valve-per-well injection scheme, injecting 500 kg per well, per day. $4/kg is assumed for Typhonix Polymer Flooding Valve, and $5/kg for the standard valve.

For more information contact:

mari 2
Project Manager

MARI STOKKA

Mobile: +47 45222181
mari.stokka@typhonix.com
logo2a

Learn more about low shear

In this section you will find some more information on different aspects of low shear. The main philosophy of low shear production is to instead of challenging the effects focus on the causes to separation problems.
Figure%202

Low Shear Polymer Injection

Mechanical degradation of polymers is a well-known technical challenge in the petroleum industry. Polyacrylamide molecules are very long flexible chain molecules that are broken when submitted to high shear rates.

Mature field lifetime extension

IOR and better opportunities for tiebacks through higher production capacity and treatment efficiency

Reducing size, weight and footprint

20 – 40% reduced size and footprint of greenfield process plants by increased separation efficiency

Enabling higher well production rates

Immediately improved separation and PW handling capacity with no additional equipment

Reducing environmental impact

Reduced emissions to the environment and less consumption of chemicals